New York

New York by the Numbers:
Key Statistical Data and Facts

Key Details

  • As of 2023, New York is the fourth-most populous state in the US, with 19,677,151 estimated residents. 
  • New York had a median gross rent of $1,390 between 2017 and 2021.  
  • Kathy Hochul serves as the 57th Governor of New York  
  • In 2022, 87% of inhabitants aged 25 or older had a high school education (or higher), while 38% had a bachelor's degree or higher. 
  • 46.9% of men aged 15 and over are married, while 42 % of women 15 and older are married. 
  • Index crimes recorded a decrease from 2011 to 2020 (-23.7%) 

New York Population Demographics

New York is the fourth-most populous state in the United States. As of 2022, the Empire State is home to 19,677,151 residents. According to the US Census Bureau, females comprise 51.1% of the total population, while males constitute 48.9%. Around one-fifth of New York’s population is under 18, while almost one-sixth of the population is 65 years old and over.

New York Racial Demographics


According to 2022 Census estimates, New York has a predominantly white population, with whites accounting for 69.1% of the state's population. New York‘s Asian population constituted 9.3% of the state’s general population, while 1% of New York’s population was American Indian and Alaska Native alone.

  • Composition of people living in Texas
  • Black or African-American
  • Asian

As of 2023, 2.8% of people identified as at least two different races, and 17.6% identified as Black or African American. New York also has one of the highest foreign-born populations, with 22.5% being born overseas.

The Hispanic or Latino population in New York represented 19.5% of the state's total population in 2022. Additionally, New York’s white alone population (excluding Hispanics and Latinos) comprised 54.7% of the state’s population.

White alone (not Hispanic or Latino)54.7%
Hispanic or Latino19.5%
Black or African American17.6%
Asian alone9.3%
Two or more races2.8%
American Indians and Alaskan Natives alone1.0%

New York Housing

Between 2017 and 2021

The median gross rent in New York
The New York Department of State’s Division of Code Enforcement and Administration issued 40,135 building permits in 2021.
Census data reveal that the median value of owner-occupied homes within the same four-year period.
While the median selected monthly owner cost with a mortgage for the period
the median selected monthly owner cost without a mortgage

Elections in New York

Since 2007, the Empire State has voted Democrat consistently during governorship elections. Gov. Eliot Spitzer (2007 to 2008), Gov. Andrew Cuomo (2011 to 2021),  and Gov. Kathy Hochul (2021 to present) were the last three elected governors in New York. George Pataki, the previous Republican governor, served from 1995 to 2006 (12 years).

Democrats Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer have served as New York's senators since 2009 and 1999. Before being elected into the US Senate, Kristen Gillibrand was a member of the US House of Representatives from 2007 to 2009. Chuck Schumer served as a member of the US House of Representatives between 1981 and 1999 before becoming a member of the US Senate.

Kathy Hochul is the 57th Governor of New York. She became governor in 2021 after Andrew Cuomo resigned. She defeated Lee Zeldin, the Republican U.S. Representative, in the 2022 Elections, winning a full term. It was the closest New York gubernatorial election since 1994.

2020 Presidential Election

During the 2020 Presidential Elections, New York kept up its practice of voting Democrat. The eventual winner of the US 2020 Presidential Elections, Joe Biden, defeated the then-incumbent President Donald Trump by 1,992,889 votes. The Democrat candidate, Joe Biden, won 60.87% of the votes, while the Republican candidate, Donald Trump, won 37.74%.

Donald Trump

37,74% of votes

Joe Biden

60,87% of votes

New York Voting Statistics

As of February 2023, New York had 13,054,876 registered voters, according to statistics published by the New York State Board of Elections. Per these same statistics, 6,464,647 (49.5%) voters identified as Democrats, while 2,887,092 (22.1%) identified as Republicans. Voters associated with minor parties or unaffiliated accounted for 28.4% (3,713,137) of the registered voters.


Voter Turnout

New York experienced a 63.5% voter turnout in the 2020 general elections, with 8,690,139 ballots cast out of a total eligible voting population of 13,670,596. The turnout rates in the 2018, 2016, and 2014 elections were much lower, at 45.2%, 57.3%, and 29%, respectively.

General Election

YearTurnout Percentage (Voting Age Population)

How Educated in New York

The US Census Bureau reported that between 2017 and 2021, 87.0% of New York inhabitants who were 25 or older had a high school education or higher. At the same time, 38.1% of adults aged 25 and over held a bachelor's degree or above.

According to statistics published by the New York State Education Department, New York had a high school graduation rate of 87%. Furthermore, females had a higher graduation rate than males, with both respectively having a 90 and 84% graduation rate. According to the US Bureau, 23.8% of individuals aged 25 and older had a college or an associate’s degree.

Highest level of education attained.

The highest educational attainment was found among those aged 25 to 34, with 49.6% of them holding a bachelor's degree or above.

New York Employment Rate

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that New York had an unemployment rate of 4.1%, higher than the national average of 3.5%. The New York Department of Labor published statistics showing that Bronx County (6.9%), Hamilton County (6.2%), and Kings County (5.4%) had the highest unemployment rates of all the 62 counties in the state. According to the same statistics, Tompkins County (2.4%) and Rockland County (2.6%) had the lowest unemployment rates.

In March 2023, the state’s civilian workforce population stood at 9,660,000 people. Of this civilian workforce, 9,268,400 were employed, while 391,600 were unemployed. According to estimates published by the Bureau, New York had 9,597,400 Nonfarm jobs.

Of the total nonfarm jobs in New York, Education & Health Services provided the highest number of jobs, providing up to 2,212,500 jobs. Trade, Transportation, and Utilities followed closely behind with 1,474,100 jobs.

The Professional & Business Services (1,390,000), Government (1,447,400), and Leisure & Hospitality (922,900) sectors also contributed significantly to the job market. Additionally, among the sectors, both the Leisure & Hospitality (9%) sector and the Construction (4.7%) sector experienced the most growth over a year.

Average Income in New York

According to the 2021 US Census Bureau, New York's estimated median household income was $75,157 in 2022. However, this figure does not apply to the entire state as there are variations in income levels depending on locations, occupations, educational attainment, and other variables.

For instance, Nassau County had the highest median household income in 2020, with a value of $120,036, followed by Putnam County and Suffolk County, with values of $107,246 and $105,362, respectively.

A household’s median income will also depend on how many earners are within the household. For example, The US Department of Justice released data showing that in 2022, families with just one income earner had a median household income of $63,548.

Households with two and three earners reported earnings of $80,784 and $96,854, respectively. With a median family income of $117,706, families with four or more earners had the highest income. The per capita income over the previous 12 months, from 2017 to 2021, was $43,208. In addition, 13.9% of New York's citizens lived below the poverty line.

Families in New York

New York Marriage Rates

5.2 per 1000 person
8.6 per 1000 person

In New York, 46.9% of men aged 15 and over are married, according to the US Census Bureau's 2020 American Community Survey (ACS). In contrast, 42% of women 15 and older are married, according to the 2020 Survey.

According to reports published by the National Center for Health Statistics, New York had a marriage rate of 5.2 per 1000 people in 2021, slightly lower than the national average of 6 per 1000 people. The marriage rate marked a decline from 8.6 per 1000 people in 1990.

Marriage rates have fallen significantly every decade since 1990. For instance, marriage rates fell from 8.6 in 1990 to 9.0 in 2000 to 7.3 in 2010 to 5.8 in 2020. In those 30 years, the rates in 2020 were the lowest they had ever been.

Additionally, New York boasts a low percentage of teenage marriages. For instance, 0.8% of men and 0.6% of women aged 15 to 19 are married. Also, a large proportion (68.6%) of married people in New York are 65 and older. Regarding women, 25.6% of those aged 20 to 34 and 56.1% of those aged 45 to 54 were married. The age group with the highest percentage of married women was 55 to 64, with 64.2% being married.

New York Divorce Rates

According to the US Census Bureau's ACS, New York has more divorced women than men. Approximately 916,428 women and 588,877 men aged 15 and over were divorced in 2020.

New York’s divorce rate increased slightly from 2020's divorce rate of 1.8 to 2.2 divorces per 1000 people by 2021. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there has been a steady decline in divorce rates in New York over the last three decades. For instance, the divorce rate was 3.2 in 1990, 3.0 in 2000, 2.9 in 2010, and 1.8 in 2020.

Life Expectancy in New York

According to data released by the New York Department of Health in 2020, New York had a life expectancy at birth of 78.2. This is a slight drop off from the life expectancy published for 2019, which was 81.5 years.

New York’s life expectancy at birth stayed relatively the same from 2012 to 2019 until the drop-off in 2020. The data also showed that women (81.2) had a higher life expectancy at birth than men (75.1).

In New York, there are 54.1 births per 1,000 women in the 15 to 44 age group. New York’s teen birth rate of 9.1 is much lower than the national teenage birth rate of 13.1. White women comprised 53.8% of the population who had given birth in 2021, while Black or African American women made up 14.7% and Asian women made up 9.2%.

As of 2017, the leading cause of death in New York was heart disease, causing 44,092 deaths. The state ranked 17th in terms of deaths caused by heart disease. In New York, there were 28.7 drug overdose deaths per 100,000 people in 2020. In the same year, there were 5.4 firearm injury deaths per 100,000 people.

New York Crime Rates

Per the 2020 New York State Crime Report, there were 342,453 Index crimes reported in New York State, a 1.7% rise from the previous year. However, crime rates were still very low. The year 2019 (336,813) had the lowest number of Index crimes reported since statewide reporting started in 1975.

Index crime decreased between 2011 and 2020, with 106,461 fewer offenses reported statewide. This reflects a 23.7% decline in recorded crimes over the previous ten years. Index crimes decreased between 2011 and 2020 in two state regions: Non-New York City (57 counties) and New York City (five counties).

The decline outside of New York City was noticeably more significant than in New York City. Additionally, recorded Index crime decreased by 7.5% between 2011 and 2020 in New York City counties, compared to 35.8% in non-New York City counties. For the second year, non-New York City counties experienced less crime in 2020 than did New York City. The homicide rate.

New York Incarceration Rate

According to statistics from the National Institute of Corrections,

According to published data from the New York State Division of Criminal Justice, New York’s jail population as of April 2023 was 16,030. It marked a 6.4% increase from the previous year.
43,500 inmates
As of December 31, 2019, there were 43,500 inmates under the control of New York's correctional authorities
54 prisons
Who were housed in 54 state prisons as well as in private and municipal jails.
$3.295 billion
A budget of $3.295 billion, and 19,094 individuals worked at state-run facilities.

New York Bankruptcy Rate

15,542 bankruptcy

According to research released by the American Bankruptcy Institute in 2023, New York has experienced a continuous decrease in bankruptcy filings since the turn of the millennium. In New York, there were 15,542 bankruptcy filings in 2022, according to the research. This was a 5.1% increase from the previous year.

There were 9,971, 709, and 4,819 cases of Chapter 7, Chapter 11, and Chapter 13 bankruptcy filings, respectively, in 2022. Furthermore, from 2010 to 2020, there was a 62.8% decrease in the rate of bankruptcy filings.

Weird Laws in New York

Every state in the US has at least one weird law, and the Empire State is no exception. The following are examples of strange laws in New York.

  • Changing your rabbit's fur color is illegal.
  • On Sundays, it's against the law to carry an ice cream cone in your pocket in public.
  • Cutting your tongue off without a medical practitioner is illegal.
  • Unless your life is at risk or you are ordered to, it is illegal to parachute out of a plane.
  • It's illegal to wear a hat that obstructs the view of people around you in a public theater, rodeo, symphony, or any place of amusement.

Cities in New York

Table of contents

Cities in New York